1850
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U.S. Free & Slave Population 1850

 

1850 Free Whites

1850 Free Colored

1850 Free Total

1850 Slaves

1850 Slaves as % of Total

1850 Slaves as 3/5

1850 Total

1850 Total cntg Slaves as 3/5

1850 Added Repres bec of 3/5

1850 from Census Bureau

 1850 diff Census from computed

Alabama

426,514

2,265

428,779

342,844

44%

205,706

771,623

634,485

48%

771,823

200

Arkansas

162,189

608

162,797

47,100

22%

28,260

209,897

191,057

17%

209,897

 

California

91,635

962

92,597

 

 

 

92,597

92,597

 

92,597

 

Connecticut

363,099

7,693

370,792

 

 

 

370,792

370,792

 

370,792

 

Delaware

71,169

18,073

89,242

2,290

3%

1,374

91,532

90,616

2%

91,532

 

Florida

47,203

932

48,135

39,310

45%

23,586

87,445

71,721

49%

87,445

 

Georgia

521,572

2,931

524,503

381,682

42%

229,009

906,185

753,512

44%

906,185

 

Illinois

846,034

5,436

851,470

 

 

 

851,470

851,470

 

851,470

 

Indiana

977,154

11,262

988,416

 

 

 

988,416

988,416

 

988,416

 

Iowa

191,881

333

192,214

 

 

 

192,214

192,214

 

192,914

700

Kentucky

761,413

10,011

771,424

210,981

21%

126,589

982,405

898,013

16%

982,405

 

Louisiana

255,491

17,462

272,953

244,809

47%

146,885

517,762

419,838

54%

517,762

 

Maine

581,813

1,356

583,169

 

 

 

583,169

583,169

 

583,169

 

Maryland

417,943

74,723

492,666

90,368

15%

54,221

583,034

546,887

11%

583,034

 

Massachusetts

985,450

9,064

994,514

 

 

 

994,514

994,514

 

994,514

 

Michigan

395,071

2,583

397,654

 

 

 

397,654

397,654

 

397,854

200

Minnesota

6,038

39

6,077

 

 

 

6,077

6,077

 

6,077

 

Mississippi

295,718

930

296,648

309,878

51%

185,927

606,526

482,575

63%

606,526

 

Missouri

592,004

2,618

594,622

87,422

13%

52,453

682,044

647,075

9%

682,044

 

New Hampshire

317,456

520

317,976

 

 

 

317,976

317,976

 

317,976

 

New Jersey

465,509

23,810

489,319

236

0%

142

489,555

489,461

0%

489,555

 

New Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

61,547

61,547

New York

3,048,325

49,069

3,097,394

 

 

 

3,097,394

3,097,394

 

3,097,394

 

North Carolina

553,028

27,463

580,491

288,548

33%

173,129

869,039

753,620

30%

869,039

 

Ohio

1,955,050

25,279

1,980,329

 

 

 

1,980,329

1,980,329

 

1,980,329

 

Oregon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,093

12,093

Pennsylvania

2,258,160

53,626

2,311,786

 

 

 

2,311,786

2,311,786

 

2,311,786

 

Rhode Island

143,875

3,670

147,545

 

 

 

147,545

147,545

 

147,545

 

South Carolina

274,563

8,960

283,523

384,984

58%

230,990

668,507

514,513

81%

668,507

 

Tennessee

756,836

6,422

763,258

239,459

24%

143,675

1,002,717

906,933

19%

1,002,717

 

Texas

154,034

397

154,431

58,161

27%

34,897

212,592

189,328

23%

212,592

 

Utah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,380

11,380

Vermont

313,402

718

314,120

 

 

 

314,120

314,120

 

314,120

 

Virginia

894,800

54,333

949,133

472,528

33%

283,517

1,421,661

1,232,650

30%

1,119,348

(302,313)

Washington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,201

1,201

West Virginia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

302,313

302,313

Wisconsin

304,756

635

305,391

 

 

 

305,391

305,391

 

305,391

 

 

19,429,185

424,183

19,853,368

3,200,600

14%

1,920,360

23,053,968

21,773,728

10%

23,141,289

87,321

 

For other years:

Year "url"
1790 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1790.htm
1800 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1800.htm
1810 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1810.htm
1820 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1820.htm
1830 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1830.htm
1840 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1840.htm
1850 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1850.htm
1860 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1860.htm

 

 


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