1860
Home Up

 

U.S. Free & Slave Population 1860

 

1860 Free Whites

1860 Free Colored

1860 Free Total

1860 Slaves

1860 Slaves as % of Total

1860 Slaves as 3/5

1860 Total

1860 Total cntg Slaves as 3/5

1860 Added Repres bec of 3/5

1860 from Census Bureau

1860 diff Census from computed

Alabama

526,271

2,690

528,961

435,080

45%

261,048

964,041

790,009

49%

964,201

160

Arkansas

324,143

144

324,287

111,115

26%

66,669

435,402

390,956

21%

435,450

48

California

323,177

4,086

327,263

 

 

 

327,263

327,263

 

379,994

52,731

Colorado

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,277

34,277

Connecticut

451,504

8,627

460,131

 

 

 

460,131

460,131

 

460,147

16

Delaware

90,589

19,829

110,418

1,798

2%

1,079

112,216

111,497

1%

112,216

 

Florida

77,747

932

78,679

61,745

44%

37,047

140,424

115,726

47%

140,424

 

Georgia

591,550

3,500

595,050

462,198

44%

277,319

1,057,248

872,369

47%

1,057,286

38

Illinois

1,704,291

7,628

1,711,919

 

 

 

1,711,919

1,711,919

 

1,711,951

32

Indiana

1,338,710

11,428

1,350,138

 

 

 

1,350,138

1,350,138

 

1,350,428

290

Iowa

673,779

1,069

674,848

 

 

 

674,848

674,848

 

674,913

65

Kansas

106,390

625

107,015

2

0%

1

107,017

107,016

0%

107,206

189

Kentucky

919,484

10,684

930,168

225,483

20%

135,290

1,155,651

1,065,458

15%

1,155,684

33

Louisiana

357,456

18,647

376,103

331,726

47%

199,036

707,829

575,139

53%

708,002

173

Maine

626,947

1,327

628,274

 

 

 

628,274

628,274

 

628,279

5

Maryland

515,918

83,942

599,860

87,189

13%

52,313

687,049

652,173

9%

687,049

 

Massachusetts

1,221,432

9,602

1,231,034

 

 

 

1,231,034

1,231,034

 

1,231,066

32

Michigan

736,142

6,799

742,941

 

 

 

742,941

742,941

 

749,113

6,172

Minnesota

169,395

259

169,654

 

 

 

169,654

169,654

 

172,023

2,369

Mississippi

353,899

773

354,672

436,631

55%

261,979

791,303

616,651

74%

791,305

2

Missouri

1,063,489

3,572

1,067,061

114,931

10%

68,959

1,181,992

1,136,020

6%

1,182,012

20

Nebraska

28,696

67

28,763

15

0%

9

28,778

28,772

0%

28,841

63

Nevada

6,812

45

6,857

 

 

 

6,857

6,857

 

6,857

 

New Hampshire

325,579

494

326,073

 

 

 

326,073

326,073

 

326,073

 

New Jersey

646,699

25,318

672,017

18

0%

11

672,035

672,028

0%

672,035

 

New Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

93,516

93,516

New York

3,831,590

49,005

3,880,595

 

 

 

3,880,595

3,880,595

 

3,880,735

140

North Carolina

629,942

30,463

660,405

331,059

33%

198,635

991,464

859,040

30%

992,622

1,158

Ohio

2,302,808

36,673

2,339,481

 

 

 

2,339,481

2,339,481

 

2,339,511

30

Oregon

52,160

128

52,288

 

 

 

52,288

52,288

 

52,465

177

Pennsylvania

2,849,259

56,949

2,906,208

 

 

 

2,906,208

2,906,208

 

2,906,215

7

Rhode Island

170,649

3,952

174,601

 

 

 

174,601

174,601

 

174,620

19

South Carolina

291,300

9,914

301,214

402,406

57%

241,444

703,620

542,658

80%

703,708

88

South Dakota

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,837

4,837

Tennessee

826,722

7,300

834,022

275,719

25%

165,431

1,109,741

999,453

20%

1,109,801

60

Texas

420,891

355

421,246

182,566

30%

109,540

603,812

530,786

26%

604,215

403

Utah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,273

40,273

Vermont

314,369

709

315,078

 

 

 

315,078

315,078

 

315,098

20

Virginia

1,047,299

58,042

1,105,341

490,865

31%

294,519

1,596,206

1,399,860

27%

1,219,630

(376,576)

Washington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,594

11,594

West Virginia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

376,688

376,688

Wisconsin

773,693

1,171

774,864

 

 

 

774,864

774,864

 

775,881

1,017

 

26,690,781

476,748

27,167,529

3,950,546

13%

2,370,328

31,118,075

29,537,857

9%

31,368,241

250,166

 

For other years:

Year "url"
1790 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1790.htm
1800 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1800.htm
1810 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1810.htm
1820 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1820.htm
1830 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1830.htm
1840 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1840.htm
1850 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1850.htm
1860 http://bessel.org/slavfree/1860.htm

 

 


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