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Freemasons & the U.S. Declaration of Independence

The purpose of this webpage is to present information about Freemasons and the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

Please feel free to contact me with information, suggestions, or corrections about the information on this site. You can contact me by clicking on my name: Paul M. Bessel

Signers of the Declaration of Independence
the information below was obtained from several reference books about U.S. history and freemasonry

Name
alphabetically by last name

State

Date Signed

Masonic Membership, if any

John Adams Massachusetts Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Samuel Adams Massachusetts Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Josiah Bartlett New Hampshire Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Carter Braxton Virginia Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Charles Carroll of Carrollton Maryland Aug. 2, 1776 not a Mason
Samuel Chase Maryland Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Abraham Clark New Jersey Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
George Clymer Pennsylvania Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
William Ellery Rhode Island Aug. 2, 1776? First Lodge of Boston, 1748
William Floyd New York Aug. 2, 1776? not a Mason
Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania Aug. 2, 1776? Grand Master of Pennsylvania, 1734
Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts Sept. 4, 1776 not a Mason
Button Gwinnett Georgia Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Lyman Hall Georgia Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
John Hancock Massachusetts July 4, 1776 & Aug 2, 1776 became a Mason in Merchants Lodge No. 277 in Quebec, affiliated with Saint Andrew's Lodge in Boston, 1762
Benjamin Harrison Virginia Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
John Hart New Jersey Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Joseph Hewes or  Howes North Carolina Aug 2, 1776? Unanimity Lodge No. 7, visited in 1776, and buried with Masonic funeral honors
Thomas Heyward, Jr. South Carolina Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
William Hooper North Carolina Aug 2, 1776? Member of Hanover Lodge in Masonborough, N.C.
Stephen Hopkins Rhode Island Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Francis Hopkinson New Jersey Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Samuel Huntington Connecticut Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Thomas Jefferson Virginia Aug 2, 1776? there is no evidence that he was a Mason
Francis Lightfoot Lee Virginia Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Richard Henry Lee Virginia Sep 4, 1776 not a Mason
Francis Lewis New York Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Philip Livingston New York Aug 2, 1776 not a Mason
Thomas Lynch, Jr. South Carolina Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Thomas McKean Delaware 1781 listed as visitor to Perseverance Lodge in Harrisburg PA
Arthur Middleton South Carolina Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Lewis Morris New York Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Robert Morris Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776 no evidence that he was a Mason
John Morton Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Thomas Nelson, Jr. Virginia Aug 2, 1776? no documentation that he was a Mason
William Paca Maryland Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Robert Treat Paine Massachusetts Aug 2, 1776? Attended Massachusetts Grand Lodge in 1759
John Penn North Carolina Aug 2, 1776? no evidence that he was a Mason
George Read Delaware Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Caesar Rodney Delaware Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
George Ross Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Benjamin Rush Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? no documentation of Masonic membership
Edward Rutledge South Carolina Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Roger Sherman Connecticut Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
James Smith Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? no evidence that he was a Mason
Richard Stockton New Jersey Aug 2, 1776? Charter Master of St. John's Lodge in Princeton NJ 1765
Thomas Stone Maryland Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
George Taylor Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
Matthew Thornton New Hampshire Nov 19, 1776 not a Mason
George Walton Georgia Aug 2, 1776? Solomon's Lodge No. 1, in Savannah GA
William Whipple New Hampshire Aug 2, 1776? St. John's Lodge, Portsmouth NH 1752
William Williams Connecticut Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
James Wilson Pennsylvania Aug 2, 1776? not a Mason
John Witherspoon New Jersey Aug 2, 1776? no evidence of Masonic membership
Oliver Wolcott Connecticut Sep 4, 1776 not a Mason
George Wythe Virginia Aug 27, 1776 not a Mason
SUMMARY     56 men signed the Declaration of Independence
it appears that 9 (16%) were Masons

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