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Index of Webpages you can find on Paul M. Bessel's Website

Click on the URL next to any page you want to see. 

Webpages at http://bessel.org
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Title or Description of Webpage URL
Abraham Lincoln and Freemasonry - article http://bessel.org/lincmasn.htm 
Abbreviations - Masonic Abbreviations http://bessel.org/abbrevs.htm 
Admirals - Five Star Generals and Admirals - their Masonic connections http://bessel.org/fivemas.htm
Admissions of U.S. States http://bessel.org/stateadm.htm 
Adoniram-Zabud Council #2, Cryptic Masons of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/adonzab.htm 
Advancement requirements for candidates http://bessel.org/advance.htm 
Affiliated Past Masters - Grand Lodge rules on whether they are members of Grand Lodge, and whether they can be elected to Grand Lodge office http://bessel.org/affilpms.htm 
Africa - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Africa http://bessel.org/recafr.htm 
Age requirements for candidates applying for the degrees http://bessel.org/age.htm 
All Masonic Grand Lodges in the World - list and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/gls.htm 
Allied Masonic Degrees - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2000 http://bessel.org/weekend.htm 
Allied Masonic Degrees - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2001 http://bessel.org/maswk01.htm 
Almas Shrine - Knights of Mecca - Bylaws http://bessel.org/almkomby.htm 
Almas Shrine - Knights of Mecca - Officers 2001 http://bessel.org/almkomof.htm 
AMD - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2000 http://bessel.org/weekend.htm 
AMD - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2001 http://bessel.org/maswk01.htm 
AMD - National Capital Council No. 296, Washington DC http://bessel.org/amddc.htm 
AMD & Knight Masons Councils - what they do http://bessel.org/amdkm.htm
Amendments to Grand Lodge Constitutions or Codes - Procedures and Votes Required http://bessel.org/glamends.htm
Amendments to the U.S. Constitution http://bessel.org/amends.htm 
Appendant bodies http://bessel.org/append.htm 
Are You Ready for Your Year as WM? - notes for a presentation at the D.C. Grand Lodge Wardens and Deacons Seminar on June 24, 2000 http://bessel.org/readyyr.htm 
Arkansas Grand Lodge, Shrine, Freemasonry - documents relating to discussions about this subject in July 2000, and a little earlier and later http://bessel.org/shrinefm.htm 
Article about Abraham Lincoln and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/lincmasn.htm 
Article about the Battle of Gettysburg & Freemasons http://bessel.org/gettysbg.htm 
Article about Conducting Masonic Business in Lodges open on the 1st Degree http://bessel.org/firstppr.htm 
Article about Cryptic Masonry http://bessel.org/cryptic.htm 
Article about D.C. Grand Lodge statistics http://bessel.org/dcstartl.htm 
Article about Exclusive Territorial Jurisdiction http://bessel.org/exclartl.htm 
Article about the Forget-Me-Not http://bessel.org/forgnot.htm 
Article about the history of United States Grand Lodges' recognition of Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/recfranc.htm 
Article about Free Speech http://bessel.org/freespch.htm 
Article about Freemasonry and Judaism http://bessel.org/masjud.htm 
Article about Jack the Ripper and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/ripper.htm 
Article about Masonic ballot rules http://bessel.org/ballotar.htm 
Article with suggestions about Lodge programs that will not bore the brethren http://bessel.org/boring.htm 
Article-in-progress about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/naziartl.htm 
Asia - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Asia http://bessel.org/recasia.htm 
Associations - Shrine Regional Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shriassn.htm 
Associations - Shrine Unit Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shrunits.htm 
At Sight - Making Masons At Sight http://bessel.org/atsight.htm 
Australia - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Australia http://bessel.org/recaustr.htm 
Authors - Society of Blue Friars (Masonic authors association) - information and list of members http://bessel.org/sbf.htm 
Awards - D.C. Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/dcawards.htm 
Ballot - article about Masonic ballot rules http://bessel.org/ballotar.htm 
Ballot rules in Wisconsin http://bessel.org/ballotwi.htm 
Basic Information about Freemasonry http://bessel.org/basicfmy.htm
Battle of Gettysburg & Freemasons article http://bessel.org/gettysbg.htm 
Bibles - different versions and translations http://bessel.org/bibles.htm 
Bibles associated with George Washington http://bessel.org/washbibl.htm 
Bibliography of books and articles about Freemasonry and the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrbibl.htm 
Bibliography of information about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/nazifmy.htm 
Bill of Rights - Rights of People - Declarations of rights http://bessel.org/rights.htm 
Biography - Masonic biography of Paul M. Bessel and photo http://bessel.org/pbbio.htm 
Blue Friars - Society of Blue Friars (Masonic authors association) - information and list of members http://bessel.org/sbf.htm 
Blue Forget Me Not http://bessel.org/forgnot.htm
Book reviews of Masonic books http://bessel.org/bkrevs.htm 
Books - Lists of recommended Masonic books http://bessel.org/masbks.htm 
Books and articles about Freemasonry and the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrbibl.htm 
Books - Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
Boring - suggestions about Lodge programs that will not bore the brethren http://bessel.org/boring.htm 
Brazil - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Brazil http://bessel.org/recbraz.htm 
Brooklyn NY - Zeredatha Lodge #483 http://bessel.org/zeredatha.htm 
Burials & Funerals - Rules in Grand Lodges about Masonic Funeral & Burial Services http://bessel.org/funerals.htm 
Buildings used by D.C. Masonic bodies http://bessel.org/dcbldgs.htm 
Bulletins - Suggestions to make Lodge bulletins or trestleboards as interesting and worth reading as possible http://bessel.org/trestleb.htm 
Burner - Preston E. Burner - information about this "pioneer" of computer Freemasonry http://bessel.org/preston.htm 
Canadian Provinces http://bessel.org/canprov.htm 
Candidates' advancement requirements http://bessel.org/advance.htm 
Candidates' age requirements http://bessel.org/age.htm 
Candidates' manner of wearing aprons in different degrees http://bessel.org/aprons.htm 
Candidates' Masonic education programs in different jurisdictions http://bessel.org/candeduc.htm 
Candidates - Number permitted to receive degrees at same time http://bessel.org/numbcand.htm
Capitol Cornerstone Laying Ceremony in 1793 http://bessel.org/capcorn.htm 
Caribbean - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in the Caribbean http://bessel.org/reccarib.htm 
Cases - Prince Hall Masonry court cases http://bessel.org/phcases.htm 
Catholic Church and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/catholic.htm
Central America - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Central America http://bessel.org/reccent.htm 
Ceremonial Explanation of the Entered Apprentice Degree http://bessel.org/eaexplan.htm 
Charge at closing of lodge - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/charge.htm 
Charity, 8 levels of Charity - Maimonides http://bessel.org/charity8.htm
Charts, Statistics, and graphs, about Freemasonry in the United States http://bessel.org/masstats.htm 
Ciphers - Grand Lodge policies on ritual books http://bessel.org/writrits.htm 
Cities - population of largest cities http://bessel.org/popcity.htm 
Civil War - Confederate States list http://bessel.org/confstat.htm 
Civil War - Delaware in the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrdela.htm 
Civil War - Freemasons and the Battle of Gettysburg http://bessel.org/gettysbg.htm 
Civil War - Freemasonry & Union Generals http://bessel.org/cwgfunio.htm 
Civil War - Freemasonry & Lincoln's Cabinet http://bessel.org/cabunion.htm 
Civil War - Freemasonry & Confederate Generals http://bessel.org/cwgfconf.htm 
Civil War - Freemasonry & the Confederate Cabinet http://bessel.org/cabconf.htm 
Civil War - Gettysburg Address http://bessel.org/gettyadd.htm 
Civil War - Secession of Confederate States http://bessel.org/secess.htm 
Civil War - Slavery the cause http://bessel.org/slavecw.htm 
Civil War - Sullivan Ballou letter http://bessel.org/sullball.htm 
Civil War - Thoreau speech about John Brown http://bessel.org/thoreau.htm 
Civil War Freemason - Salmon Winchester - Zeredatha Lodge #483 in Brooklyn NY - National Zouave Lodge, U.D. http://bessel.org/salwinch.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research http://bessel.org/cwlr.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research - bibliography of books and articles about Freemasonry and the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrbibl.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research history http://bessel.org/cwlrhist.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research - Delaware in the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrdela.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research - links to other webpages of interest http://bessel.org/cwlrlink.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research officers http://bessel.org/cwlroffr.htm 
Civil War Lodge of Research - petition or application to join http://bessel.org/cwlrpetn.htm 
Clausen, Henry C. - Pearl Harbor attack - Masonic connections http://bessel.org/pearlhar.htm
Clipart, Masonic clipart locations http://bessel.org/maspix.htm 
Clipsas and related Masonic organizations http://bessel.org/clipsas.htm 
Codes - Grand Lodge Masonic Codes, Constitutions, etc. http://bessel.org/glcodes.htm 
Codes - Amendments to Grand Lodge Constitutions or Codes - Procedures and Votes Required http://bessel.org/glamends.htm
Colombia - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Colombia http://bessel.org/reccolom.htm 
Columns - Grand Lodge policies on Wardens' columns http://bessel.org/columns.htm 
Commission on Information for Recognition - index of comments concerning each Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/comminfo.htm 
Computers and Freemasonry - List & links to Masonic listservs, etc. http://bessel.org/mascomp.htm 
Conducting Masonic Business in Lodges open on the 1st Degree - article http://bessel.org/firstppr.htm 
Confederate States list http://bessel.org/confstat.htm 
Confederate States secessions http://bessel.org/secess.htm 
Confederate Generals & Freemasonry http://bessel.org/cwgfconf.htm 
Confederate Cabinet & Freemasonry http://bessel.org/cabconf.htm 
Conferences - Masonic Conferences - future dates and places http://bessel.org/masconfs.htm 
Conferences - Shrine Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shriassn.htm 
Conferences - Shrine Unit Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shrunits.htm 
Constitutions of Grand Lodges - Amendments to Grand Lodge Constitutions or Codes - Procedures and Votes Required http://bessel.org/glamends.htm
Constitution - U.S. Constitution signers - Masonic memberships http://bessel.org/constmas.htm 
Constitution - U.S. Constitution Amendments http://bessel.org/amends.htm 
Constitutions - Grand Lodge Masonic Codes, Constitutions, etc. http://bessel.org/glcodes.htm 
Contact information for United States Grand Lodges -  addresses, phone, fax, websites, etc., of United States Grand Lodges - & Grand Secretaries' names  http://bessel.org/usgls.htm 
Control over Masonic Organizations - Grand Lodge policies on Masonic organizations http://bessel.org/masorgs.htm 
Cornerstone Laying Ceremony of the U.S. Capitol in 1793 http://bessel.org/capcorn.htm 
Cornerstones - Masonic cornerstone laying ceremonies throughout history http://bessel.org/cornerst.htm 
Countries' official names http://bessel.org/counname.htm 
Countries - Population of largest nations in the world http://bessel.org/popnatns.htm 
Countries of the world, and which ones have Masonic Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/countrys.htm 
Court cases - Prince Hall Masonry court cases http://bessel.org/phcases.htm 
Crimes - Grand Lodges Policies concerning Brethren who are Convicted of Crimes http://bessel.org/crimes.htm
Critics and Criticisms of Freemasonry and Refutations of Those Critics and Criticisms http://bessel.org/refute.htm
Cryptic Masonry article http://bessel.org/cryptic.htm 
Cryptic Councils in D.C. & their Officers http://bessel.org/dccrypt.htm 
Cryptic Masons - Adoniram-Zabud Council #2, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/adonzab.htm 
Current members of the United States Supreme Court http://bessel.org/sctcurr.htm 
Dates - Masonic Dating Systems http://bessel.org/masdates.htm 
Dates - What Happened on each Day of the Year in Masonic History http://bessel.org/datemas.htm
Dating Systems - Masonic Dating Systems http://bessel.org/masdates.htm 
Declaration of Independence - Masonic membership of signers http://bessel.org/declmas.htm 
Declarations of rights http://bessel.org/rights.htm 
Digests - Grand Lodge Masonic Codes, Constitutions, etc. http://bessel.org/glcodes.htm 
D.C. - Masonic Sites in Washington DC - for sightseeing http://bessel.org/massites.htm 
D.C. Freemasonry - Upcoming Events http://bessel.org/gltresl.htm  
D.C. - All Lodges, under the Grand Lodge of D.C., F.A.A.M, and the M.W. Prince Hall Grand Lodge of D.C. http://bessel.org/dclodges.htm 
D.C. Lodge Leadership and Code tests for prospective Worshipful Masters http://bessel.org/dctests.htm 
D.C. - celebration of 200th anniversary of Washington DC and role of Freemasons - and signing of Proclamation of full recognition and visitation http://bessel.org/sept11dc.htm 
Deacons & Stewards Rods & Staffs - Use of them in Lodges http://bessel.org/rodsstfs.htm 
Declaration of Independence Signers http://bessel.org/declsign.htm 
Definitions of Freemasonry http://bessel.org/definfmy.htm
Delaware in the Civil War http://bessel.org/cwlrdela.htm 
District Deputy Grand Masters - do they exist in each jurisdiction? what are their duties? how appointed? http://bessel.org/ddgm.htm 
District of Columbia - All Lodges, under the Grand Lodge of D.C., F.A.A.M, and the M.W. Prince Hall Grand Lodge of D.C. http://bessel.org/dclodges.htm 
District of Columbia - Adoniram-Zabud Council #2, Cryptic Masons http://bessel.org/adonzab.htm 
District of Columbia - Are You Ready for Your Year as WM? - notes for a presentation at the D.C. Grand Lodge Wardens and Deacons Seminar on June 24, 2000 http://bessel.org/readyyr.htm 
District of Columbia Cryptic Councils & their Officers http://bessel.org/dccrypt.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge - Awards http://bessel.org/dcawards.htm 
District of Columbia - Recognition request form letter http://bessel.org/dcrecreq.htm 
District of Columbia - France - history of the D.C. Grand Lodge's recognition of Masonic Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/francedc.htm 
District of Columbia - Mount Pleasant Chapter No. 13, Royal Arch Masons of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/mtp.htm 
District of Columbia - National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/natlstan.htm 
District of Columbia - National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12 - Photos http://bessel.org/natlphot.htm 
District of Columbia - officers of the District of Columbia Grand Lodge and District of Columbia Lodges http://bessel.org/dcoffrs1.htm 
District of Columbia - Pythagoras Lodge of Research http://bessel.org/plor.htm 
District of Columbia - St. John's Lodge #11, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/stjohns.htm 
District of Columbia Lodge Leadership and Code tests for prospective Worshipful Masters http://bessel.org/dctests.htm 
District of Columbia - Universal Council #70, Knight Masons, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/univcoun.htm 
District of Columbia - Washington Chapter #3, National Sojourners, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washsoj.htm 
District of Columbia - Washington Daylight Lodge #14, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washday.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons http://bessel.org/dcra.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons - Proposals for amendments to the Code in October 2001 http://bessel.org/dcraprop.htm 
District of Columbia Masonic buildings http://bessel.org/dcbldgs.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge - Internet Committee http://bessel.org/dcintco.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge - Library & Museum Committee http://bessel.org/dclibmus.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge - One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. http://bessel.org/gmclass.pdf 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge - One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. - in html format rather than Adobe Acrobat format http://bessel.org/gmclass.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge statistics http://bessel.org/dcstats.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Lodge statistics - article http://bessel.org/dcstartl.htm 
District of Columbia Grand Masters & Grand Secretaries http://bessel.org/dcgms.htm 
District of Columbia Lodges and websites of those that have them http://bessel.org/dcwebs.htm 
District of Columbia Lodges - chart about charters & consolidations http://bessel.org/dclgchrt.htm 
District of Columbia Lodges - chronology of charters & consolidations http://bessel.org/dclgchro.htm 
District of Columbia Lodges - current lodges and lodges that consolidated into them http://bessel.org/dclgcurr.htm 
District of Columbia Lodges - originally chartered lodges and which current lodges they consolidated into http://bessel.org/dclgorig.htm 
District of Columbia Masonry statistics graphs http://bessel.org/dcgraphs.htm 
District of Columbia Past Masters Association http://bessel.org/dcpma.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch Grand Chapter http://bessel.org/dcra.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch Chapters & their officers http://bessel.org/dcrachap.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch chronology of Chapters http://bessel.org/dcrachro.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch current Chapters and Chapters that consolidated into them http://bessel.org/dcracurr.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch original Chapters and Chapters they consolidated into http://bessel.org/dcraorig.htm 
District of Columbia Royal Arch Grand High Priests and Statistics http://bessel.org/dcraghst.htm 
Doctrine of Exclusive Territorial Jurisdiction - Grand Lodge policies and histories http://bessel.org/excljur.htm 
Doctrine of Exclusive Territorial Jurisdiction article http://bessel.org/exclartl.htm 
EA Degree - Ceremonial Explanation of the Entered Apprentice Degree http://bessel.org/eaexplan.htm 
Education - Candidates' Masonic education programs in different jurisdictions http://bessel.org/candeduc.htm 
Egroup - MasEd (Masonic Education) egroup - a system for the exchange of messages, etc., among those interested in Masonic education http://bessel.org/mased.htm 
Elected Officers - list of which Grand Lodges have which elected officers http://bessel.org/gloffrs.htm 
England - United Grand Lodge of England - list of which Grand Lodges are recognized by the UGLE http://bessel.org/recugle.htm 
England Kings & Queens http://bessel.org/england.htm 
Entered Apprentice Degree - Ceremonial Explanation http://bessel.org/eaexplan.htm 
Europe - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Europe http://bessel.org/receurop.htm 
European Concept Lodges - lodges outside Europe that are described as following European lodge tradition http://bessel.org/euroldgs.htm 
Events, upcoming, in D.C. Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gltresl.htm 
Exclusive Territorial Jurisdiction article http://bessel.org/exclartl.htm 
Family research - Information about Masonic genealogy research http://bessel.org/genealgy.htm 
Famous Freemasons http://bessel.org/famemas.htm 
Fellows of the Philalethes Society http://bessel.org/fps.htm 
Females - Women and Freemasonry - links http://bessel.org/womenfmy.htm 
First Degree - Grand Lodge policies on lodges doing business on the EA or FC degree http://bessel.org/firstdeg.htm 
First Degree - Article about Conducting Masonic Business in Lodges open on the 1st Degree http://bessel.org/firstppr.htm 
Five Star Generals and Admirals - their Masonic connections http://bessel.org/fivemas.htm
"Flag Burning" Supreme Court Cases http://bessel.org/flagburn.htm 
Flags - Pictures of State Flags, State Seals, Grand Lodge Seals http://bessel.org/statseal.htm
Forget-Me-Not article http://bessel.org/forgnot.htm 
Form Letter - District of Columbia - Recognition request form letter http://bessel.org/dcrecreq.htm 
Founded - Seniority - Dates of Founding of each Grand Lodge in the world http://bessel.org/glsyear.htm 
Founding Fathers of the U.S. and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/foundmas.htm 
Four Freedoms of Franklin D. Roosevelt http://bessel.org/4freed.htm
Fourteen Points of Woodrow Wilson http://bessel.org/14pts.htm
France - history of U.S. Grand Lodges' recognition of Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/recfranc.htm 
France - history of the D.C. Grand Lodge's recognition of Masonic Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/francedc.htm 
Fraternal Organizations list & websites http://bessel.org/fratorgs.htm 
Free Speech article http://bessel.org/freespch.htm 
Freemasonry - links to websites with basic information about Freemasonry http://bessel.org/whatfmy.htm 
Freemasonry and Computers - List & links to Masonic listservs, etc. http://bessel.org/mascomp.htm 
Freemasonry and George Washington -  article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwfmy.htm 
Freemasonry and Jack the Ripper article http://bessel.org/ripper.htm 
Freemasonry and Judaism article http://bessel.org/masjud.htm 
Freemasonry and the Shrine - documents relating to discussions about this subject in July 2000, and a little earlier and later http://bessel.org/shrinefm.htm 
Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
Freemasonry and Nazi era - bibliography of information about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/nazifmy.htm 
Freemasonry and Nazi era - article-in-progress about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/naziartl.htm 
Freemasonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presfmy.htm 
Freemasonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presmas.htm 
Freemasonry and United States Vice Presidents http://bessel.org/vpmas.htm 
Freemasonry and the United States Supreme Court http://bessel.org/sctfmy.htm 
Funerals - Rules in Grand Lodges about Masonic Funeral & Burial Services http://bessel.org/funerals.htm 
Future Grand Masters - those who already in the progressive Grand Lines of their respective jurisdictions, and thus almost guaranteed to be on their way to becoming Grand Master in a few years http://bessel.org/futurgms.htm 
Gavels in Freemasonry - article http://bessel.org/gavels.htm 
Genealogy - Information about Masonic genealogy research http://bessel.org/genealgy.htm 
Generals - Five Star Generals and Admirals - their Masonic connections http://bessel.org/fivemas.htm
George Washington - Bibles associated with George Washington http://bessel.org/washbibl.htm 
George Washington and Freemasonry -  article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwfmy.htm 
George Washington and Religion -  article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwrelig.htm 
George Washington's Generals and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gwgenmas.htm 
Gettysburg & Freemasons article http://bessel.org/gettysbg.htm 
Gettysburg Address http://bessel.org/gettyadd.htm 
Grand Lodge Codes, Constitutions, etc. http://bessel.org/glcodes.htm 
Grand Lodge elected officers - list of which Grand Lodges have which elected officers http://bessel.org/gloffrs.htm 
Grand Lodge rules on whether Affiliated Past Masters are members of Grand Lodge, and whether they can be elected to Grand Lodge office http://bessel.org/affilpms.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on charge at closing of lodge http://bessel.org/charge.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on use of Wardens' columns http://bessel.org/columns.htm 
Grand Lodge policies and histories about the Doctrine of Exclusive Territorial Jurisdiction http://bessel.org/excljur.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on lodges doing business on the EA or FC degree http://bessel.org/firstdeg.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on new lodge formations http://bessel.org/newlodge.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on one day classes http://bessel.org/oneday.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on Past Masters voting rights http://bessel.org/pmsvote.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on Penalties used in degrees http://bessel.org/penalty.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on Pillars used in lodges http://bessel.org/pillars.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on Prayers used in lodges http://bessel.org/prayers.htm 
Grand Lodge policies - Prince Hall Masonry recognition details - map, dates, details, citations http://bessel.org/pha.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on requirements to become Worshipful Master http://bessel.org/wmreqs.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on songs used in the Master Mason degree http://bessel.org/mmsongs.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on Volume of the Sacred Law (such as Bible) - where open in lodges on different degrees http://bessel.org/vslopen.htm 
Grand Lodge policies on written ritual books http://bessel.org/writrits.htm 
Grand Lodge Seals - Pictures of State Flags, State Seals, Grand Lodge Seals http://bessel.org/statseal.htm
Grand Lodges - list of all Masonic Grand Lodges in the World and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/gls.htm 
Grand Lodges throughout the world - information such as number of members, number of lodges, year founded http://bessel.org/glsinfo.htm 
Grand Lodges -  U.S. Grand Lodges' information - addresses, phone, fax, websites, etc. - & Grand Secretaries' names http://bessel.org/usgls.htm 
Grand Lodges - Future Grand Masters - those who already in the progressive Grand Lines of their respective jurisdictions, and thus almost guaranteed to be on their way to becoming Grand Master in a few years http://bessel.org/futurgms.htm 
Grand Lodges' Seniority - Dates of Founding of each Grand Lodge in the world http://bessel.org/glsyear.htm 
Grand Lodges' different placement of lesser lights in lodges http://bessel.org/lessrlts.htm 
Grand Lodges located in all countries in the world http://bessel.org/countrys.htm 
Grand Lodges' Masonic Education officials - list and description http://bessel.org/masedoff.htm 
Grand Lodges' rules about Masonic Funeral & Burial Services http://bessel.org/funerals.htm 
Grand Lodges - Prince Hall - list of all and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/glspha.htm 
Grand Lodges - United States - list of which Landmarks have been adopted by each United States Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/landmark.htm 
Grand Lodges' policies on Life Memberships http://bessel.org/lifememb.htm 
Grand Lodges' policies on Masonic organizations http://bessel.org/masorgs.htm 
Grand Masters Classes - One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. http://bessel.org/gmclass.pdf 
Grand Masters Classes - One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. - in html format rather than Adobe Acrobat format http://bessel.org/gmclass.htm 
Grand Masters Conferences and other Masonic Conferences - future dates and places http://bessel.org/masconfs.htm 
Grand Masters' Disciplinary Powers http://bessel.org/gmdiscip.htm
Grand Masters of the Future - those who already in the progressive Grand Lines of their respective jurisdictions, and thus almost guaranteed to be on their way to becoming Grand Master in a few years http://bessel.org/futurgms.htm 
Grand Masters & Grand Secretaries of District of Columbia http://bessel.org/dcgms.htm 
Graphs, Statistics, and charts about Freemasonry in the United States http://bessel.org/masstats.htm 
Graphs about District of Columbia Masonry statistics http://bessel.org/dcgraphs.htm 
Graphs of numbers in various Religions - graphs showing number of people who are said to be members or adherents of the world's major religions, and graphs of numbers in North America http://bessel.org/religgr.htm 
Hiram - references in the Bible http://bessel.org/hiram.htm 
Hiram Abif legend - outline notes for a talk about this subject http://bessel.org/hiramab.htm 
Honorary Membership policies http://bessel.org/honorary.htm 
Honors - Special Masonic Honors http://bessel.org/masonic-honors.htm
International Masonic Statistics - Grand Lodges around the world http://bessel.org/intstats.htm 
Internet Committee of the Grand Lodge of D.C. http://bessel.org/dcintco.htm 
Iona Grove #1 U.A.O.D. application form http://bessel.org/ionaappl.htm 
Jews, Jewish - Freemasonry and Judaism article http://bessel.org/masjud.htm 
JOUAM - Junior Order United American Mechanics http://bessel.org/jouam.htm 
Jack the Ripper and Freemasonry article http://bessel.org/ripper.htm 
John Brown - Thoreau speech about John Brown http://bessel.org/thoreau.htm 
Judaism and Freemasonry article http://bessel.org/masjud.htm 
Jurisdictions - Penalties in One Jurisdiction - Effect on Membership in Another Jurisdiction http://bessel.org/penjuris.htm 
Kings & Queens of England http://bessel.org/england.htm 
Knight Masons - Universal Council #70, Knight Masons, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/univcoun.htm 
Knight Masons & AMD Councils - what they do http://bessel.org/amdkm.htm
Knights of Mecca - Almas Shrine - Bylaws http://bessel.org/almkomby.htm 
Knights of Mecca - Almas Shrine - Officers 2001 http://bessel.org/almkomof.htm 
Ladies - Women and Freemasonry - links http://bessel.org/womenfmy.htm 
Landmarks of Freemasonry - list of which ones have been adopted by each United States Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/landmark.htm 
Leadership Test - DC Lodge Leadership and Code tests for prospective Worshipful Masters http://bessel.org/dctests.htm 
Lectures of the Degrees - Can they be given on different days from the rest of the Degrees? http://bessel.org/lectures.htm
Lesser lights - United States Grand Lodges' different placement of lesser lights in lodges http://bessel.org/lessrlts.htm 
Libraries - list of all Masonic libraries in the world http://bessel.org/maslibs.htm 
Library & Museum Committee of the District of Columbia Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/dclibmus.htm 
Lincoln, Abraham, and Freemasonry - article http://bessel.org/lincmasn.htm 
Lincoln's Cabinet & Freemasonry http://bessel.org/cabunion.htm 
Life Membership policies of United States Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/lifememb.htm 
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address http://bessel.org/gettyadd.htm 
List of all Masonic Grand Lodges in the World - links to those with websites http://bessel.org/gls.htm 
List of all Masonic Libraries in the world http://bessel.org/maslibs.htm 
List & map of Canadian Provinces http://bessel.org/canprov.htm 
List & links to Masonic listservs, etc. http://bessel.org/mascomp.htm 
List & links to all known Masonic magazines http://bessel.org/masmags.htm 
List & links to Masonic book publishers http://bessel.org/maspub.htm 
List and links of all research lodges in the world http://bessel.org/research.htm 
List & links to sellers of Masonic jewelry, regalia, etc. http://bessel.org/massales.htm 
List of Grand Lodge policies on new lodge formations http://bessel.org/newlodge.htm 
List of Grand Lodge policies on one day classes http://bessel.org/oneday.htm 
List of Grand Lodge policies on Past Masters voting rights http://bessel.org/pmsvote.htm 
List of Grand Lodge policies on Penalties used in degrees http://bessel.org/penalty.htm 
List of Grand Lodge policies on Pillars used in lodges http://bessel.org/pillars.htm 
List of Masonic appendant bodies & their websites http://bessel.org/append.htm 
List of all Prince Hall Grand Lodges and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/glspha.htm 
List of which countries in the world have Masonic Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/countrys.htm 
Lodge - National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/natlstan.htm 
Lodge - National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12, District of Columbia - Photos http://bessel.org/natlphot.htm 
Lodge - Skidmore Daylight Lodge #237, AF&AM, Virginia http://bessel.org/skidmore.htm 
Lodge - St. John's Lodge #11, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/stjohns.htm 
Lodge - Virginia City Lodge in Montana http://bessel.org/vacitylg.htm 
Lodge - Washington Daylight Lodge #14, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washday.htm 
Lodges numbers - Grand Lodges throughout the world - information such as number of members, number of lodges, year founded http://bessel.org/glsinfo.htm 
Lodges - District of Columbia - chart about charters & consolidations http://bessel.org/dclgchrt.htm 
Lodges - District of Columbia - chronology of charters & consolidations http://bessel.org/dclgchro.htm 
Lodges - District of Columbia - current lodges and lodges that consolidated into them http://bessel.org/dclgcurr.htm 
Lodges - District of Columbia - originally chartered lodges and which current lodges they consolidated into http://bessel.org/dclgorig.htm 
Mackey, Albert http://bessel.org/mackey.htm 
Madison Lodge Library catalog http://bessel.org/madison.htm 
Magazines - list & links to all known Masonic magazines http://bessel.org/masmags.htm 
Making Masons At Sight http://bessel.org/atsight.htm 
MasEd (Masonic Education) egroup - a system for the exchange of messages, etc., among those interested in Masonic education http://bessel.org/mased.htm 
Masonic Abbreviations http://bessel.org/abbrevs.htm 
Masonic authors - Society of Blue Friars (Masonic authors association) - information and list of members http://bessel.org/sbf.htm 
Masonic Book Publishers - list & links to them http://bessel.org/maspub.htm 
Masonic Books - Lists of recommended Masonic books http://bessel.org/masbks.htm 
Masonic Conferences - future dates and places http://bessel.org/masconfs.htm 
Masonic Conferences - Shrine Regional Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shriassn.htm 
Masonic Conferences - Shrine Unit Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shrunits.htm 
Masonic cornerstone laying ceremonies throughout history http://bessel.org/cornerst.htm 
Masonic Dates http://bessel.org/masdates.htm 
Masonic Dating Systems http://bessel.org/masdates.htm 
Masonic Education (MasEd) egroup - a system for the exchange of messages, etc., among those interested in Masonic education http://bessel.org/mased.htm 
Masonic Education officials in each Grand Lodge - list and description http://bessel.org/masedoff.htm 
Masonic Education - Candidates' Masonic education programs in different jurisdictions http://bessel.org/candeduc.htm 
Masonic Funerals - Rules in Grand Lodges about Masonic Funeral & Burial Services http://bessel.org/funerals.htm 
Masonic genealogy research information http://bessel.org/genealgy.htm 
Masonic Grand Lodges - list of all Masonic Grand Lodge in the World and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/gls.htm 
Masonic jewelry, regalia, etc, - list & links to sellers http://bessel.org/massales.htm 
Masonic Libraries - list of all Masonic libraries in the world http://bessel.org/maslibs.htm 
Masonic Magazines - list & links to all known Masonic magazines http://bessel.org/masmags.htm 
Masonic membership restrictions, in the past or present, based on religion or race http://bessel.org/restrict.htm 
Masonic memberships of the signers of the Declaration of Independence http://bessel.org/declmas.htm 
Masonic memberships of the signers of the U.S. Constitution http://bessel.org/constmas.htm 
Masonic Music websites http://bessel.org/masmusic.htm 
Masonic Organizations - Grand Lodge policies on Masonic organizations http://bessel.org/masorgs.htm 
Masonic pictures, clipart locations http://bessel.org/maspix.htm 
Masonic Recognitions information http://bessel.org/rec.htm 
Masonic Recognitions information for Grand Royal Arch Chapters http://bessel.org/recra.htm 
Masonic research - Suggestions about how to do Masonic research http://bessel.org/howres.htm 
Masonic Sites in Washington DC - for sightseeing http://bessel.org/massites.htm 
Masonic Solicitation Policies http://bessel.org/solicit.htm 
Masonic statistics, graphs, and charts -  about Freemasonry in the United States http://bessel.org/masstats.htm 
Masonic Weddings - Information about "Masonic Wedding" ceremonies http://bessel.org/maswed.htm
Masonic Week schedule for the year 2001 http://bessel.org/maswk01.htm 
Masonic Week schedule for the year 2002 http://bessel.org/maswk02.htm
Masonic Week schedule for the year 2003 http://bessel.org/maswk03.htm
Masonic Week schedule for the year 2004 http://bessel.org/maswk04.htm
Masonry and Computers - List & links to Masonic listservs, etc. http://bessel.org/mascomp.htm 
Masonry and Judaism article http://bessel.org/masjud.htm 
Masonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presfmy.htm 
Masonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presmas.htm 
Masonry and United States Vice Presidents http://bessel.org/vpmas.htm 
Masonry and the United States Supreme Court http://bessel.org/sctfmy.htm 
Masonry - Hiram Abif legend - outline notes for a talk about this subject http://bessel.org/hiramab.htm 
Masons At Sight - Making Masons At Sight http://bessel.org/atsight.htm 
Masons who were signers of the U.S. Constitution http://bessel.org/constmas.htm 
Master, Worshipful, requirements - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/wmreqs.htm 
Meetings - Upcoming Events in D.C. Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gltresl.htm 
Members statistics - Grand Lodges throughout the world - information such as number of members, number of lodges, year founded http://bessel.org/glsinfo.htm 
Membership restrictions in Masonry, in the past or present, based on religion or race http://bessel.org/restrict.htm 
Membership rules - "Private Organization" Supreme Court Cases http://bessel.org/privorg.htm 
Mexico - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Mexico http://bessel.org/recmex.htm 
Millionaire - "Who Wants to be a Masonic Millionaire" program http://bessel.org/millionaire.htm
Millionaire - "Who Wants to be a Masonic Millionaire" program - with answers http://bessel.org/millionarie-answers.htm
Montana - Virginia City Lodge in Montana http://bessel.org/vacitylg.htm 
Month - Chart of Washington D.C. Scheduled Masonic Meetings each Month http://bessel.org/dcmonth.htm 
Mormon (LDS) ceremonies and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/mormon.htm
Mount Pleasant Chapter No. 13, Royal Arch Masons of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/mtp.htm 
Movies - Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
Music - Masonic Music websites http://bessel.org/masmusic.htm 
Music - Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
National Capital Council No. 296, AMD - Washington DC http://bessel.org/amddc.htm 
National Sojourners, Washington Chapter #3, D.C. http://bessel.org/washsoj.htm 
National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/natlstan.htm 
National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12, District of Columbia - Photos http://bessel.org/natlphot.htm 
National Sojourners - Washington Chapter #3, National Sojourners, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washchap.htm 
National Zouave Lodge, U.D. - Zeredatha Lodge #483 in Brooklyn NY - Salmon Winchester - Civil War Freemason http://bessel.org/salwinch.htm 
Nations - Population of largest nations in the world http://bessel.org/popnatns.htm 
Nazism - bibliography of information about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/nazifmy.htm 
Nazism - article-in-progress about Freemasonry and the Nazi era http://bessel.org/naziartl.htm 
New lodge formations - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/newlodge.htm 
Number of candidates permitted to receive degrees at same time http://bessel.org/numbcand.htm
Officers - list of which Grand Lodges have which elected officers http://bessel.org/gloffrs.htm 
Officers of Grand Lodges - Grand Lodge rules on whether Affiliated Past Masters are members of Grand Lodge, and whether they can be elected to Grand Lodge office http://bessel.org/affilpms.htm 
Officers of District of Columbia Grand Lodge and District of Columbia Lodges http://bessel.org/dcoffrs1.htm 
Ohio suggestions for welcoming new brethren http://bessel.org/ohiowelc.htm
One day classes - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/oneday.htm 
One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. http://bessel.org/gmclass.pdf 
One day classes - Evaluation of Grand Masters Classes in Washington D.C. - in html format rather than Adobe Acrobat format http://bessel.org/gmclass.htm 
Organizations - Grand Lodge policies on Masonic organizations http://bessel.org/masorgs.htm 
Organizations, Fraternal - list & websites http://bessel.org/fratorgs.htm 
Origins of United States Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/origins.htm 
Paul M. Bessel Masonic biography and photo http://bessel.org/pbbio.htm 
Past Masters Association of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/dcpma.htm 
Past Masters - Affiliated - Grand Lodge rules on whether they are members of Grand Lodge, and whether they can be elected to Grand Lodge office http://bessel.org/affilpms.htm 
Past Masters voting rights - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/pmsvote.htm 
Pearl Harbor attack - Masonic connections http://bessel.org/pearlhar.htm
Penalties used in degrees - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/penalty.htm 
Penalties in One Jurisdiction - Effect on Membership in Another Jurisdiction http://bessel.org/penjuris.htm 
Pictures, Masonic clipart locations http://bessel.org/maspix.htm 
Philalethes Society http://bessel.org/philal.htm
Philalethes Society Bylaws Committee report http://bessel.org/psocbyl.htm
Philalethes Society Fellows http://bessel.org/fps.htm 
Philalethes Society - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2000 http://bessel.org/weekend.htm 
Philalethes Society - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2001 http://bessel.org/maswk01.htm 
Photos of National-Stansbury-Dawson Lodge #12 http://bessel.org/natlphot.htm 
Pillars used in lodges - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/pillars.htm 
Popes, including those who married, or had children http://bessel.org/popes.htm
Population of largest cities http://bessel.org/popcity.htm 
Population of largest nations in the world http://bessel.org/popnatns.htm 
Population of States in the United States http://bessel.org/popstate.htm 
Prayers used in lodges  - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/prayers.htm 
Presidents and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/presfmy.htm 
Presidents and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/presmas.htm 
Presidents - Ronald Reagan and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/reagnfmy.htm 
Preston E. Burner - information about this "pioneer" of computer Freemasonry http://bessel.org/preston.htm 
Prince Hall - DC signing of Proclamation of full recognition and visitation - celebration of 200th anniversary of Washington DC and role of Freemasons http://bessel.org/sept11dc.htm 
Prince Hall Grand Lodges - list of all and links to those with websites http://bessel.org/glspha.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry recognition details - map, dates, details, citations http://bessel.org/pha.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry recognition in Virginia - proposed resolution for Grand Lodge in 2001 http://bessel.org/vaphrec.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry recognition - Q & A about whether Virginia should recognize Prince Hall http://bessel.org/phava.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry recognition - Virginia Grand Lodge commission report in 1999 http://bessel.org/phva99.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry - statistics http://bessel.org/phastats.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry - links to webpages with information http://bessel.org/phinfo.htm 
Prince Hall Masonry court cases http://bessel.org/phcases.htm 
"Private Organization" Supreme Court Cases http://bessel.org/privorg.htm 
Public Speaking - Suggestions on how to be a better public speaker http://bessel.org/speaking.htm 
Publishers of Masonic books - list & links to them http://bessel.org/maspub.htm 
Pythagoras Lodge of Research - District of Columbia http://bessel.org/plor.htm 
Reagan - Ronald Reagan and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/reagnfmy.htm 
Recognition - history of the D.C. Grand Lodge's recognition of Masonic Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/francedc.htm 
Recognition request form letter - District of Columbia http://bessel.org/dcrecreq.htm 
Recognitions - Masonic Recognitions information http://bessel.org/rec.htm 
Recognitions - Royal Arch Chapters' recognition information http://bessel.org/recra.htm 
Recognition standards of United States Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/recstand.htm 
Recognitions - index of comments through the years by the Commission on Information for Recognition http://bessel.org/comminfo.htm 
Recognitions - Prince Hall Masonry recognition details - map, dates, details, citations http://bessel.org/pha.htm 
Recognitions - Virginia Grand Lodge commission on Prince Hall Masonry recognition report http://bessel.org/phva99.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Africa http://bessel.org/recafr.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Asia http://bessel.org/recasia.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Australia http://bessel.org/recaustr.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Brazil http://bessel.org/recbraz.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in the Caribbean http://bessel.org/reccarib.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Central America http://bessel.org/reccent.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Colombia http://bessel.org/reccolom.htm 
Recognitions of Grand Lodges in Europe http://bessel.org/receurop.htm 
Recognitions - United Grand Lodge of England - list of which Grand Lodges are recognized by the UGLE http://bessel.org/recugle.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Asia http://bessel.org/recasia.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Australia http://bessel.org/recaustr.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Brazil http://bessel.org/recbraz.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in the Caribbean http://bessel.org/reccarib.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Central America http://bessel.org/reccent.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Colombia http://bessel.org/reccolom.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Europe http://bessel.org/receurop.htm 
Recognition - Article about the history of United States Grand Lodges' recognition of Grand Bodies in France http://bessel.org/recfranc.htm 
Recognitions - United States Grand Lodge recognitions of Grand Lodges in Mexico http://bessel.org/recmex.htm 
Recommended Masonic Books - Lists of recommended Masonic books http://bessel.org/masbks.htm 
Refutations - Critics and Criticisms of Freemasonry and Refutations of Those Critics and Criticisms http://bessel.org/refute.htm
Religion and George Washington - article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwrelig.htm 
Religions - all religions, and their name(s) of Deity, Volume(s) of Sacred Law, and other information and links http://bessel.org/religion.htm 
Religions - graphs showing number of people who are said to be members or adherents of the world's major religions, and graphs of numbers in North America http://bessel.org/religgr.htm 
Request for Recognition - District of Columbia - Recognition request form letter http://bessel.org/dcrecreq.htm 
Requirements to become Worshipful Master - Grand Lodges policies http://bessel.org/wmreqs.htm 
Research - Suggestions about how to do Masonic research http://bessel.org/howres.htm 
Research about Masonic genealogy http://bessel.org/genealgy.htm 
Research District, District of Research Lodges in Virginia http://bessel.org/resdist.htm 
Research lodges - list and links of all research lodges in the world http://bessel.org/research.htm 
Research lodges - A. Douglas Smith, Jr., Lodge of Research - Virginia http://bessel.org/ads.htm 
Research lodges - A.D. Smith Lodge of Research #1949, Transactions, Volume 1, 1982-1987 http://bessel.org/adsvol1.htm 
Research lodges - A.D. Smith Lodge of Research #1949, Transactions, Volume 2, 1988-1992 http://bessel.org/adsvol2.htm 
Research lodges - Pythagoras Lodge of Research - District of Columbia http://bessel.org/plor.htm 
Restrictions on Masonic membership, in the past or present, based on religion or race http://bessel.org/restrict.htm 
Revere - Paul Revere - true stories about his Ride and his associations with Freemasonry (in progress) http://bessel.org/revere.htm
Rights of People - Declarations of rights http://bessel.org/rights.htm 
Ritual books - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/writrits.htm 
Rods & Staffs - Use of them by Deacons and Stewards in Lodges http://bessel.org/rodsstfs.htm 
Roll call used in the MM degree http://bessel.org/rollcall.htm
Royal Arch - recognitions information about Grand Royal Arch Chapters http://bessel.org/recra.htm 
Royal Arch Grand Chapter of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/dcra.htm 
Royal Arch Chapters of the District of Columbia & their officers http://bessel.org/dcrachap.htm 
Royal Arch - District of Columbia Chapters' chronology http://bessel.org/dcrachro.htm 
Royal Arch - District of Columbia current Chapters and Chapters that consolidated into them http://bessel.org/dcracurr.htm 
Royal Arch - District of Columbia original Chapters and Chapters they consolidated into http://bessel.org/dcraorig.htm 
Royal Arch of the District of Columbia - Grand High Priests and Statistics http://bessel.org/dcraghst.htm 
Royal Arch - District of Columbia Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons - Proposals for amendments to the Code in October 2001 http://bessel.org/dcraprop.htm 
Royal Arch - Mount Pleasant Chapter No. 13, Royal Arch Masons of the District of Columbia http://bessel.org/mtp.htm 
Royal Arch Masons - U.S. graphs http://bessel.org/ramgr.htm
Royal Arch Masons - U.S. statistics http://bessel.org/ramstat.htm
"Rusty Nail" degree - to help Masons who haven't been to Lodge in a while http://bessel.org/rusty.htm 
Salmon Winchester - Civil War Freemason - Zeredatha Lodge #483 in Brooklyn NY - National Zouave Lodge, U.D. http://bessel.org/salwinch.htm 
Seals - Pictures of State Flags, State Seals, Grand Lodge Seals http://bessel.org/statseal.htm
Secession of Confederate States http://bessel.org/secess.htm 
Sellers of Masonic jewelry, regalia, etc. http://bessel.org/massales.htm 
Seniority - Dates of Founding of each Grand Lodge in the world http://bessel.org/glsyear.htm 
Shrine and Freemasonry - documents relating to discussions about this subject in July 2000, and a little earlier and later http://bessel.org/shrinefm.htm 
Shrine Regional Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shriassn.htm 
Shrine Unit Associations & Conferences http://bessel.org/shrunits.htm 
Sightseeing - Masonic Sites in Washington DC http://bessel.org/massites.htm 
Signers of the U.S. Declaration of Independence http://bessel.org/declsign.htm 
Signers of the U.S. Declaration of Independence - Masonic membership of signers http://bessel.org/declmas.htm 
Signers of the U.S. Constitution - Masonic memberships http://bessel.org/constmas.htm 
Sites - Masonic Sites in Washington DC - for sightseeing http://bessel.org/massites.htm 
Skidmore Daylight Lodge #237, AF&AM, Virginia http://bessel.org/skidmore.htm 
Slavery - the cause of the Civil War http://bessel.org/slavecw.htm 
Society of Blue Friars (Masonic authors association) - information and list of members http://bessel.org/sbf.htm 
Sojourners, Washington Chapter #3, National Sojourners http://bessel.org/washsoj.htm 
Solicitation Rules of Masonic Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/solicit.htm 
Songs used in the Master Mason degree in different Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/mmsongs.htm 
Speaking - Suggestions on how to be a better public speaker http://bessel.org/speaking.htm 
Speech, Free - article http://bessel.org/freespch.htm 
Speeches - Suggestions on how to be a better public speaker http://bessel.org/speaking.htm 
St. John's Lodge #11, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/stjohns.htm 
Staffs & Rods - Use of them by Deacons and Stewards in Lodges http://bessel.org/rodsstfs.htm 
State Flags, State Seals, Grand Lodge Seals - Pictures http://bessel.org/statseal.htm
States - Population of U.S. States http://bessel.org/popstate.htm 
Statistics - Article about the District of Columbia Grand Lodge statistics http://bessel.org/dcstartl.htm 
Statistics, graphs, and charts about Freemasonry in the United States http://bessel.org/masstats.htm 
Statistics - Grand Lodges around the world http://bessel.org/intstats.htm 
Statistics - Number of Masonic Lodges in each U.S. State each year from 1900 to the present http://bessel.org/maslodgs.htm 
Statistics - Number of Masonic Raisings (new members) in each U.S. State each year from 1900 to the present http://bessel.org/masraisg.htm 
Statistics - Number of Masons (total membership) in each U.S. State each year from 1900 to the present http://bessel.org/masmembs.htm 
Statistics - Prince Hall Masonry http://bessel.org/phastats.htm 
Statistics about the District of Columbia Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/dcstats.htm 
Stewards & Deacons Rods & Staffs - Use of them in Lodges http://bessel.org/rodsstfs.htm 
Suggestions about how to do Masonic research http://bessel.org/howres.htm 
Sullivan Ballou letter - Civil War http://bessel.org/sullball.htm 
Supreme Court information http://bessel.org/sct.htm 
Supreme Court and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/sctfmy.htm 
Supreme Court current information http://bessel.org/sctcurr.htm 
Supreme Court "Flag Burning" Cases http://bessel.org/flagburn.htm 
Supreme Court "Private Organization" Cases http://bessel.org/privorg.htm 
Surrenders - statistics about surrenders in U.S. military history http://bessel.org/surrndrs.htm 
Table Lodges - rituals http://bessel.org/tableldg.htm
Taking Up Words at Start of Lodge http://bessel.org/takingwd.htm 
Television - Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
Tests - DC Lodge Leadership and Code tests for prospective Worshipful Masters http://bessel.org/dctests.htm 
Thoreau speech about John Brown http://bessel.org/thoreau.htm 
Tiler's Oath - use of Tiler's Oath in various jurisdictions http://bessel.org/tileoath.htm 
Transactions - A.D. Smith Lodge of Research #1949, Transactions, Volume 1, 1982-1987 http://bessel.org/adsvol1.htm 
Transactions - A.D. Smith Lodge of Research #1949, Transactions, Volume 2, 1988-1992 http://bessel.org/adsvol2.htm 
Trestleboards - Suggestions to make Lodge bulletins or trestleboards as interesting and worth reading as possible http://bessel.org/trestleb.htm 
TV shows - Freemasonry in culture - movies, tv shows, books, music http://bessel.org/culture.htm 
United Grand Lodge of England - list of which Grand Lodges are recognized by the UGLE http://bessel.org/recugle.htm 
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Rights of People - Declarations of rights http://bessel.org/rights.htm 
United States - Population of U.S. States http://bessel.org/popstate.htm 
United States - George Washington's Generals and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gwgenmas.htm 
United States Constitution - signers - Masonic memberships http://bessel.org/constmas.htm 
United States Declaration of Independence - Masonic membership of signers http://bessel.org/declmas.htm 
United States Founding Fathers and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/foundmas.htm 
United States Freemasonry - Statistics, graphs, and charts about Freemasonry in the United States http://bessel.org/masstats.htm 
United States Grand Lodges - addresses, phone, fax, websites, etc., of United States Grand Lodges - & Grand Secretaries' names http://bessel.org/usgls.htm 
United States Grand Lodges - list of which Landmarks have been adopted by each United States Grand Lodge http://bessel.org/landmark.htm 
United States Grand Lodges' different placement of lesser lights in lodges http://bessel.org/lessrlts.htm 
United States Grand Lodges' origins http://bessel.org/origins.htm 
United States Grand Lodges' policies on Life Memberships http://bessel.org/lifememb.htm 
United States Grand Lodges standards for recognitions of other Grand Lodges http://bessel.org/recstand.htm 
United States history - Admissions of U.S. States http://bessel.org/stateadm.htm 
United States history - Confederate States list http://bessel.org/confstat.htm 
United States history - Freemasonry and the United States Supreme Court http://bessel.org/sctfmy.htm 
United States history - Masonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presfmy.htm 
United States history - Masonry and United States Presidents http://bessel.org/presmas.htm 
United States history - Masonry and Vice Presidents of the U.S. http://bessel.org/vpmas.htm 
United States history - Secession of Confederate States http://bessel.org/secess.htm 
United States history - Thoreau speech about John Brown http://bessel.org/thoreau.htm 
United States - Supreme Court information http://bessel.org/sct.htm 
United States - Supreme Court current information http://bessel.org/sctcurr.htm 
Universal Council #70, Knight Masons, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/univcoun.htm 
U.S. Capitol Cornerstone Laying Ceremony in 1793 http://bessel.org/capcorn.htm 
Upcoming Events in D.C. Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gltresl.htm 
Vice Presidents of the U.S. and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/vpmas.htm 
Virginia City Lodge in Montana http://bessel.org/vacitylg.htm 
Virginia Grand Lodge commission on Prince Hall Masonry recognition report http://bessel.org/phva99.htm 
Virginia - Prince Hall Masonry recognition in Virginia - proposed resolution for Grand Lodge in 2001 http://bessel.org/vaphrec.htm 
Virginia - Prince Hall Masonry recognition - Q & A about whether Virginia should recognize Prince Hall http://bessel.org/phava.htm 
Virginia - Skidmore Daylight Lodge #237, AF&AM, Virginia http://bessel.org/skidmore.htm 
Visitors - Rules about Visitors to Lodges http://bessel.org/visitors.htm
Volume of the Sacred Law (such as Bible) - where open in lodges on different degrees  - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/vslopen.htm 
Volume(s) of the Sacred Law - all religions, and their name(s) of Deity, Volume(s) of Sacred Law, and other information and links http://bessel.org/religion.htm 
Votes & Procedures required to Amend Grand Lodge Constitutions or Codes http://bessel.org/glamends.htm
Wars - statistics about U.S. casualties in wars http://bessel.org/uswars.htm 
Washington DC Masonic Sites - for sightseeing http://bessel.org/massites.htm 
Washington, D.C. - celebration of 200th anniversary of Washington DC and role of Freemasons - and signing of Proclamation of full recognition and visitation http://bessel.org/sept11dc.htm 
Washington - Bibles associated with George Washington http://bessel.org/washbibl.htm 
Washington - George Washington's Generals and Freemasonry http://bessel.org/gwgenmas.htm 
Washington, George, and Freemasonry - article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwfmy.htm 
Washington, George, and Religion - article about this subject http://bessel.org/gwrelig.htm 
Washington Chapter #3, National Sojourners, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washsoj.htm 
Washington Daylight Lodge #14, FAAM, District of Columbia http://bessel.org/washday.htm 
Website suggestions http://bessel.org/websuggs.htm
Websites of District of Columbia Lodges and list of all District of Columbia Lodges http://bessel.org/dclgwebs.htm 
Wedding - Information about "Masonic Wedding" ceremonies http://bessel./org/maswed.htm
Weekend - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2000 http://bessel.org/weekend.htm 
Weekend - Masonic Weekend schedule for the year 2001 http://bessel.org/maswk01.htm 
Welcoming new brethren - Ohio suggestions http://bessel.org/ohiowelc.htm
What is Freemasonry - links to websites with basic information about Freemasonry http://bessel.org/whatfmy.htm 
Wills, Trusts, Health Care Directives, Durable Powers of Attorney http://bessel.org/willstrusts.htm
Winchester, Salmon - Civil War Freemason - Zeredatha Lodge #483 in Brooklyn NY - National Zouave Lodge, U.D. http://bessel.org/salwinch.htm 
Wisconsin ballot rules http://bessel.org/ballotwi.htm 
Women and Freemasonry - links http://bessel.org/womenfmy.htm 
Words - Taking Up Words at Start of Lodge http://bessel.org/takingwd.htm 
Worshipful Master preparation - Are You Ready for Your Year as WM? - notes for a presentation at the D.C. Grand Lodge Wardens and Deacons Seminar on June 24, 2000 http://bessel.org/readyyr.htm 
Worshipful Master requirements  - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/wmreqs.htm 
Writing - Suggestions to make Lodge bulletins or trestleboards as interesting and worth reading as possible http://bessel.org/trestleb.htm 
Written ritual books - Grand Lodge policies http://bessel.org/writrits.htm 
Year founded - Grand Lodges throughout the world - information such as number of members, number of lodges, year founded http://bessel.org/glsinfo.htm 
Year Founded - Seniority - Dates of Founding of each Grand Lodge in the world http://bessel.org/glsyear.htm 
Zeredatha Lodge #483 - Brooklyn NY http://bessel.org/zeredatha.htm 
Zeredatha Lodge #483 in Brooklyn NY - Salmon Winchester - Civil War Freemason - National Zouave Lodge, U.D. http://bessel.org/salwinch.htm 
 

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Please note that I no longer am updating the webpages about Freemasonry. I still maintain my memberships but otherwise I am not active.